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Essential Oils

 

Valerian Essential Oil

Valeriana officinalis

Valerian is a perennial herb with short rhizomes, aromatic feathery leaves and clusters of small pink or white flowers that bloom from June through to September.

The plant is native to Europe, North America, and the northern part of Asia.

The essential oil is an olive-green to olive brown in colour with a warm rich earthy odour and a distinct 'musk-like' character of great complexity Valerian essential oil is steam distilled from the plant’s rhizomes (roots).

Valerian is well known for its qualities and its ability to relax the central nervous system and the smooth muscle groups. It has been used as a sleeping aid for hundreds of years especially when there is excitation or difficulty in falling to sleep due to nervousness. Over 120 chemical components are found in valerian and although a very complex herb, it has not been found to have any negative side effects with moderate use.

Valerian does not impair driving ability and produces no morning hangover effect. It is a gentle relaxant.


Known compounds detected in valerian that may contribute to its method of action are:

  • Alkaloids: actinidine, chatinine, shyanthine, valerianine, and valerine.
  • Isovaleramide may be created in the extraction process.
  • Gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA).
  • Isovaleric acid.
  • Iridoids, including valepotriates: isovaltrate and valtrate. Sesquiterpenes (contained in the Volatile oil): valerenic acid, hydroxy-valerenic acid and acetoxy-valerenic acid.
  • Flavanones: hesperidin, 6-methylapigenin and linarin.

We source from China and Europe.


Vetiver Essential Oil

Vetiveria zizanoides

Vetiver is a tough, aromatic grass and the essential oil is extracted from the roots of a grass which belongs to the same botanical family as lemongrass, citronella and palmarosa. This plant has been appreciated for its properties since records began.

It is extracted from the washed, chopped, dried and soaked roots and rootlets by steam distillation and yields about 0.5%. The aroma is very earthy.

The main chemical components are benzoic acid, vetiverol, furfurol, a and b-vetivone, vetivene and vetivenyl vetivenate.

It is considered a safe oil and is non-toxic, non-irritant and non-sensitizing

Vetiver has been used since time immemorial in Ayurvedic products where it was used for anxiety and stress.

In India vetiver essential oil is known as the ‘Oil of Tranquillity’ due to its relaxing, calming properties on the mind, but it is also nurturing and revitalizing to the body. Restores balance to hormonal and emotional conditions, and regenerates both mind and body.

Originally native to India, vetiver is now cultivated for the extraction of essential oil in Angola, Argentina, Brazil, China, Haiti, Japan, Java, and the Island of Réunion. We source from Java.


Sweet Basil Essential Oil

Ocimum basilicum

Sweet basil is an aromatic herb with lush green leaves. The oil has a watery viscosity and is pale greenish-yellow in colour. The aroma is clear, light and peppery and gives a sweet, green top note to blends. Our Basil essential oil is produced in England.

The flowers range from white to pink, depending on the species and attract swarms of bees in summer time. Basilicum comes from the Greek word 'Basilicos' meaning 'king' or 'royal'.

The oil is extracted by steam distillation from the leaves and the flowering tops.

Basil oil has various chemical compounds that include a-pinene, camphene, b-pinene, myrcene, limonene, cis-ocimene, camphor, linalool, methyl chavicol, y-terpineol, citronellol, geraniol, methyl cinnamate and eugenol.

Basil oil is a good tonic. It is used to clear the mind and relieve intellectual fatigue, while giving clarity and mental strength.


Clary Sage Essential Oil

Salvia Sclarea

Clary Sage Essential Oil is extracted by steam distillation of the buds and leavs from the Clary Sage plant. This herb has been highly praised as a medicinal plant throughout history, particularly in respect of its calming properties.

Known chemical compounds present in Clary Sage essential oil includes esters, sesquiterpenes, di-terpenes, and monoterpenes.

We source our Clary Sage essential oil from France.