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Cat Pet Advice, Clare Hemington


Cat advice provided by Clare Hemington, DipCABT, Cat Behaviourist

  • Head Pressing Cats – Understanding Cat Head Pressing, Bumping and Rubbing

    Have you ever watched your cat rubbing his head on the furniture around your home and wondered what this means? Or perhaps you're one of those lucky owners whose cat rubs around your legs, arms and even face with obvious pleasure!

    Whilst this may be one of the lovely positive forms of interaction our cats demonstrate, there is another, more serious behaviour, commonly called ‘head pressing’ with which it may be confused.

    In my latest article I look at both head rubbing and head pressing in cats to help you identify the important differences between them, and understand when you need to take action.

  • How To Stop Your Cat Peeing On Bed Covers and Pillows

    If you've ever experienced cat urine on your bed, sofa or other soft furnishings, you'll know how upsetting and frustrating it can be.

    Here's an article I recently  wrote on how you can reduce the chances of this happening.

  • A Day in the Life of a Cat Behaviourist

    Whenever I tell people what I do for a living there is usually only one reaction...

    You’re a what?”  

    ​Relatively little is still known about cat behaviour and even less about the existence of cat behaviourists, so I thought I’d share with you what happens on one of my consulting days.

    The alarm wakes me up at 7.00am and I’m in the car by 7.45am ready for the 50-minute drive to see my latest cat client, Ronaldo and his owners Stacey and James. Ronaldo is a three-year-old male moggie and unlike his famous footballing namesake, is a small and rather nervous character.

    The problem facing Stacey and James was that for the past twelve months Ronaldo had been regularly urinating on their bed.

    I check that I’ve got all my documentation:

    • The all-important questionnaire which I ask clients to complete and return to me prior to my visit. It contains a rather lengthy list of questions relating to the cat’s background; environment; relationships with other cats; relationships with the members of the household; the resources that are available to him and not least, the behaviour for which the client is seeking my help.  Once the owners have completed it and returned it to me I’m then able to undertaken my preparatory work. I also find it useful for providing an overall structure to the consultation, even though in reality, we rarely stick to the order!
    • The signed veterinary referral form. I only undertake home consultations where a vet has referred the owner to me. The reason for this is to ensure that the behaviour doesn’t have a physical cause. I don’t want to be treating a cat for a behaviour related to chewing strange objects when what’s really happening is that the poor thing is suffering from dental pain!
    • The cat’s medical history. This is in addition to the vet referral form and provides me with a complete picture of the cat’s medical background, some of which could be relevant to the behaviour causing concern.

    I’m 10 minutes early arriving so park up around the corner from the house – I’ve learnt that not all clients like me arriving before they’re ready! It also gives me a chance for a sugary cereal bar to give me some va va voom and stop those embarrassing mid-consultation tummy rumbles!

    At exactly the time agreed I knock on Stacey and James’s front door and am ushered into the living room. I start the consultation without Ronaldo being present, which doesn’t worry me, I find it much more helpful to assess a cat’s true temperament if they’re not dragged kicking and screaming into the room to meet me! Eventually the lure of my magic cat bag, filled with exciting toys stuffed with catnip and valerian brings him into the room. He slinks slowly over to the bag and after a few tentative sniffs, disappears into its depths. In a few seconds he re-emerges with a couple of toys and starts rolling around the floor with them, whilst Stacey and James look on with complete adoration, and some disbelief! Throughout the consultation I assess Ronaldo’s behaviour, the way he responds to Stacey and James and how they interact with him. At the same time I’m making suggestions for change based on the responses Stacey and James give to my questions. When formulating a behaviour therapy programme it’s so important to take into account the owners’ feelings and preferences and make the strategies that are as practical for them as possible.

    After we’ve gone through the questionnaire Stacey then shows me around the house. This gives me the opportunity to see at first hand Ronaldo’s indoor environment, where his important resources are located and where they can be moved to, if necessary, or whether new resources may be required. It also allows me to see the small but perfectly formed garden that he has access to.

    At the end of the tour we reconvene on the sofa and confirm the strategies we’ve agreed on to address the behaviour. In this case, although Ronaldo had a litter tray it was an open tray located directly in front of the patio doors. To Ronaldo, this would have been like toileting out in the open and in full sight of the neighbour’s cats who were regular garden visitors. I suggested they keep the original tray in situ and purchase another, larger tray, to be placed in a discreet corner of the utility room. They were to fill it with a nice fine, unscented clumping litter, remove soiled areas twice daily and clean the whole tray out weekly with boiling water and washing up liquid.

    In order for Ronaldo to stop thinking of Stacey and James’s bed as a toilet, it was important to deny him access to the bedroom at all times for an indefinite period. This was a slightly contentious strategy as Stacey loved having Ronaldo cuddle up to her at night, much to James’s obvious annoyance. In order to restore harmony to the bedroom, I suggested treating Ronaldo to a lovely low-voltage heat pad and placing it in a favoured spot downstairs where he would have access to all his other essential resources, including his food, water, toys, scratching post, litter tray and a Pet Remedy plugin diffuser to help keep him nice and relaxed. They were to create a new and consistent night time routine for him that involved a late meal in his night time area, and switching on the heated pad to signal bed time. In this way, Stacey could relax in the knowledge that Ronaldo would be enjoying his new cosy set-up, and James would be happy having Stacey cuddling him instead of Ronaldo!

    Other recommendations were agreed relating to how Stacey and James interacted with Ronaldo and what other resources might enhance his environment and remove potential triggers for urinating outside his tray. Unfortunately, twelve months of cat wee soaking through to the mattress on the master bed meant it had to go!

    Three hours is the typical length of a consultation for me and this one was no different. I arrive back home at lunchtime and spend the next few hours writing up the consultation report that I send to each client. This includes all the strategies that have been agreed, along with links to any products that I recommend. After I complete this and send it off to Stacey and James, I then write a report for the referring vet so they can update their records with my findings.

    Two weeks later Stacey got in touch to let me know that Ronaldo had been using the new tray in preference to his old one and was loving his new heated pad so much that the minute it was switched on at night, he would go and settle on it without so much as a goodnight glance to Stacey! However, the acid test came three months later when, by accident, Stacey and James had forgotten to shut the bedroom door before leaving for work. Having bought a new mattress this could have spelled disaster! However, by this time Ronaldo was more than happy with his recently introduced toilet facilities and the bed remained unsoiled. After that it was decided that Ronaldo would be allowed into the bedroom during the day but kept out at night. This routine worked for all parties and the bed-peeing was consigned to history.

  • The Festive Feline Factor

    How to Reduce Stress in Cats and Keep Them Safe at Christmas


    Christmas can be a difficult time for cats. It comes with lots of hustle and bustle, unfamiliar visitors, new and potentially hazardous objects, new scents and sometimes a highly charged atmosphere!

    All of these can contribute to increased levels of stress for our family feline members, but there are things we can do to help keep them safe and give them as relaxing a time as we hope to have ourselves!

    Routine Cats are creatures of habit and it’s important to try and maintain their daily routine. This includes sticking to normal feeding times and scheduled play-times as well as ensuring that their usual sleeping areas and hiding places are available to them.

    Plugin Diffusers It would be a good idea to have a Pet Remedy or Feliway® Diffuser placed in the room most used by your cat to help reduce any anxiety he may experience.

    Hiding Places & High Places Make sure he has plenty of hiding places where he can go for a bit of peace and quiet if it all gets a bit too much for him. On these occasions it’s best to leave him undisturbed; hiding is a positive coping strategy. Giving him access to high paces such as on shelving, tops of wardrobes or on a tall, modular cat activity frame will also help increase his sense of security.

    Food Treats We might give ourselves carte blanche to overindulge at Christmas but we should try to avoid the temptation to allow our cats to do the same! Any treats should ideally be cat treats as opposed to human food, and Christmas chocolate is a definite no-no! It contains Theobromine which, if eaten in sufficient quantities can cause diarrhoea, vomiting, muscle spasms and seizures in cats.

    Play Not only is play a great way of keeping your cat exercised during winter, it’s also an excellent stress-buster, so if your cat has a playful streak, interactive toys such as fishing-rod toys, pieces of string and ping pong balls that allow him to run and chase are all a good idea.  Instead of throwing away the cardboard boxes that we accumulate at this time of year, keep one or two back for your cat’s personal use! Throwing some fresh catnip or catnip toys inside and rotating the toys daily will help to keep him interested. As well as serving as a play item, boxes also make very good hiding places.

    Heat! We all know that our cats are heat-seeking missiles, always heading for the warmest place they can lay their paws on, especially during the winter months, so why not treat your cat to a heated bed this Christmas? They are available as low voltage electric heat pads or even electric pet beds complete with internal thermostats. Not only do they promote relaxation but they can also help to ease aches and pains, muscular tension and are great for elderly cats that don’t have as much fat on their bones to keep them warm.

    Introducing Your Cat to New Resources If you do buy something new for your cat this Christmas such as a scratching post or bed, put it in an appropriate place and then walk away! He won’t be impressed by any ‘hard sell’ tactics!

    Decorations If ingested by a curious cat the following are amongst a plethora of festive decorations that can cause serious health problems: Poinsettias, tinsel, baubles, electrical decorations, fake snow, sellotape, wired wrapping ribbon.  Candles should also be kept out of paws reach to avoid burnt noses and tails.

    Going Away? If you’re planning to go away for Christmas it’s a good idea to make your cat care arrangements as early as possible as catteries and cat-sitters tend to get booked up well ahead of time.  As territorial creatures, many cats prefer to stay at home and you might therefore arrange for a family member, friend, or neighbour to pop in daily to provide food, play, a change of litter and to generally check that all is well. If the visitor is unknown to the cat, ask them to come over before you go away so you have the opportunity to see how your cat responds to them. If your cat is particularly sensitive and cautious with strangers then it might be placing him in a cattery where he can associate any feelings of stress with the cattery, rather than with his home.

    Take a Deep Breath... Try and keep yourselves cool and collected. Your calm vibes will definitely help your cat!

    Clare Hemington DipCAPBT is an accredited Cat Behaviourist offering veterinary referred behaviour consultations in owners' homes as well as consultations by telephone and Skype. You can find out more information on your cat's behaviour at her web site:

  • Tips for Helping Your Cat through the Fireworks Season

    There will be some cats for whom the first whistle and crack of a firework will send them scuttling under the nearest bed. Here are a few tips to help ensure your cat has a stress-free time during the firework season
  • A Day in the Life of a Cat Behaviourist

    Relatively little is still known about cat behaviour and even less about the existence of cat behaviourists, so I thought I’d share with you what happens on one of my consulting days.
  • Are You Losing Sleep Over Your Cat?

    Do you ever find yourself woken up during the night by a furry paw-tap on your head, or worse, a shrill miaow either right in your face our outside your bedroom door?
  • New Year’s Resolutions for Healthy and Happy Cats

    It’s not uncommon for us to start the New Year by making resolutions, but let’s face it, how many of us stick to them for more than a few weeks?! However, the New Year is a great opportunity to re-evaluate our old habits and create some new ones.
  • What is Catnip?

    This is an excellent article which tells you all you need to know about catnip!
  • Making Your Own Interactive Cat Feeder

    Just a couple of years ago none of us had heard of letalone bought an interactive cat feeder, or cat puzzle feeder (as I like to call them) for our cats.

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